N,N-Dimethylpentylone is classified as a novel stimulant and substituted cathinone.
Substituted cathinones are modified based on the structure of cathinone, an alkaloid found in the Khat plant. Novel stimulants have been reported to cause psychoactive effects similar to amphetamines. Novel stimulants have also caused adverse events, including deaths.
Structurally similar compounds include N-ethyl pentylone, pentylone, and eutylone. N-Ethyl pentylone and pentylone are Schedule I substances in the United States, while eutylone can be considered an isomer of pentylone. N,N-Dimethylpentylone is not explicitly
scheduled in the United States; however, this drug may be considered a scheduled substance being an isomer of N-ethyl pentylone.